What is the GLA?
The Greater London Authority or “GLA” is London’s elected body made up of the Mayor of London, the London Assembly and the organisations responsible for transport, safety and economic development in London: Transport for London, the Metropolitan Police Authority, the London Fire & Emergency Planning Authority and the London Development Agency.
What is the London Assembly?
The London Assembly comprises twenty five full-time salaried members, all elected at the same time as the Mayor. The London Assembly examines the Mayor’s activities, scrutinises policy and performance, and has the power to veto budgets. The Assembly is also able to investigate other issues of importance to Londoners, publish its findings and make recommendations and proposals for action to the Mayor. Assembly Members serve on the Metropolitan Police Authority, the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority and the London Development Agency, on appointment by the Mayor.
How are the members of the London Assembly elected?
Fourteen are constituency members elected by first past the post, where voters cast one vote and the candidate with the most votes is elected. Each of the fourteen constituencies covers two or more London Boroughs.
Voters cast a separate vote to elect the remaining eleven members on a Londonwide List. The number of seats in the Assembly allotted to each party is based on the proportion of the votes it obtains in this party list election.
Candidates on the party list are elected where the number of seats to which the party is entitled has not been achieved through the election of constituency members. The candidates on the party list are elected according to their position in the list.
In the elections held up to now, all of the Liberal Democrat Assembly Members have been elected from the Londonwide List.